[dns-operations] Link-local IP addresses for a resolver?

Viktor Dukhovni ietf-dane at dukhovni.org
Tue Sep 24 20:09:30 UTC 2019

On Sep 24, 2019, at 3:13 PM, Tony Finch <dot at dotat.at> wrote:

> I did a bit of a survey in 2014 and found that prominent DNS
> libraries didn't support link-local addresses back then
> http://lists.cluenet.de/pipermail/ipv6-ops/2014-July/010035.html
> Maybe it's better now :-)

FWIW, I've recently put in some cycles into improving a not so
prominent DNS stub resolver library (for Haskell):


It uses getaddrinfo(3) to parse the upstream resolver address
from /etc/resolv.conf (or explicit application overrides):


so I expect that scopes should work, but have not tested this.

To the extent that DNS stub-resolver code-bases are updated to use
getaddrinfo(3) rather than inet_pton(3) and the like, they would
automatically benefit from any scope support in getaddrinfo(3).

The getaddrinfo manpage on my FreeBSD system reads in part:

     This implementation of getaddrinfo() allows numeric IPv6 address notation
     with scope identifier, as documented in chapter 11 of RFC 4007.  By
     appending the percent character and scope identifier to addresses, one
     can fill the sin6_scope_id field for addresses.  This would make
     management of scoped addresses easier and allows cut-and-paste input of
     scoped addresses.

     At this moment the code supports only link-local addresses with the
     format.  The scope identifier is hardcoded to the name of the hardware
     interface associated with the link (such as ne0).  An example is
     “fe80::1%ne0”, which means “fe80::1 on the link associated with the ne0

     The current implementation assumes a one-to-one relationship between the
     interface and link, which is not necessarily true from the specification.


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